Vishwakarma Puja is a festival that celebrates the divine architect and craftsman of the universe, Lord Vishwakarma. He is revered as the creator of many marvelous structures, weapons, and vehicles in Hindu mythology. He is also the patron deity of all artisans, engineers, and architects. Vishwakarma Puja is observed with great devotion and enthusiasm across India, especially in workplaces and industrial areas. But do you know the origin and significance of this festival? Here are some interesting facts and stories about Vishwakarma Puja that you may not know.
Vishwakarma Puja: The History in Hindi
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The Birth of Vishwakarma
According to some legends, Vishwakarma was born from the forehead of Brahma, the creator of the universe. He was endowed with the power of creation and craftsmanship by Brahma. He assisted Brahma in the creation of the world and all living beings. He also designed and built the celestial abodes of gods and goddesses, such as Indra’s palace, Varuna’s palace, Kubera’s palace, etc.
According to some other legends, Vishwakarma was born from the Samudra Manthan or the churning of the ocean by gods and demons. He emerged from the ocean along with other divine treasures, such as Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth, Kamadhenu, the wish-fulfilling cow, Kalpavriksha, the wish-fulfilling tree, etc. He was given the responsibility of crafting various divine objects for gods and goddesses, such as Sudarshana Chakra for Vishnu, Trishula for Shiva, Vajra for Indra, etc.
The Works of Bishwakarma
Vishwakarma is credited with many amazing feats of engineering and architecture in Hindu mythology. Some of his notable works are:
- The holy city of Dwarka where Krishna ruled. It was said to be made of gold and jewels and had 900,000 palaces.
- The palace of Indraprastha for the Pandavas. It was said to be so magnificent that Duryodhana mistook a pond for a floor and fell into it.
- The flying chariot of Ravana called Pushpaka Vimana. It was said to be able to travel anywhere at will and accommodate any number of passengers.
- The golden bridge called Rama Setu or Adam’s Bridge that connected India and Sri Lanka. It was built by the monkey army of Rama under the guidance of Vishwakarma.
- The weapon called Brahmastra that was used by Rama to kill Ravana. It was said to be so powerful that it could destroy anything in its path.
The Celebration of Vishwakarma Puja 2023
Biswakarma Puja is celebrated on different dates in different regions of India. In most parts of India, it is celebrated on Kanya Sankranti or the last day of Bhadra month according to the Hindu calendar. This usually falls on September 16th or 17th or 18th according to the Gregorian calendar. In some parts of India, such as Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, West Bengal, etc., it is celebrated on September 18th (Like this year 2023) regardless of the lunar calendar. In some other parts of India, such as Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, etc., it is celebrated a day after Diwali or on Kartik Shukla Pratipada according to the lunar calendar. This usually falls on October or November according to the Gregorian calendar.
The celebration of Vishwakarma Puja involves various rituals and customs. Some of them are:
- Cleaning and decorating workplaces, factories, machines, tools, vehicles, etc. with flowers, garlands, lights, etc.
- Installing idols or images of Vishwakarma at workplaces or homes and offering prayers, flowers, fruits, sweets, etc.
- Performing aarti or waving lamps in front of Vishwakarma and chanting mantras or hymns in his praise.
- Distributing prasad or sacred food among workers, colleagues, family members, etc.
- Taking a break from work and enjoying cultural programs, games, competitions, etc.
- Showcasing skills and creativity by displaying new inventions or innovations or presenting awards or certificates to achievers.
The Significance of Vishwakarma Puja
Vishwakarma Puja is a festival that honors the spirit of creativity and excellence in craftsmanship. It is a day to express gratitude to Vishwakarma for his blessings and guidance in various fields of work and art. It is also a day to seek his protection from accidents, mishaps, and failures. Vishwakarma Puja is a festival that inspires individuals to strive for perfection and innovation in their work and to respect and appreciate the skills and talents of others. It is a festival that celebrates the dignity of labor and the joy of creation.
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